Thousands of people sleep hungry every night in the country, leading to the deploring health of the nation. In order to develop a sustainable future of our country we need to provide for the basic health amenities for the underprivileged.
As per the report of NFHS-3, more than 36% of women have less than 18.5kg/m2 body mass index and suffer from prolonged or chronic nutritional deficiency. The proportion of undernourished women is highest in states such as Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Odisha.
Women in India suffer from the gender vulnerabilities, which is very can be noticed from the sex ratio of India, which is currently at 943 females per 1000 males. Post-independence this ratio declined, however, from the beginning of year 2000 with several government and non-government institutions effort, the ratio has improved.
Due the gender bias, it has been noticed that women often have limited access to nutritious food in the household as compare to the opposite sex. A woman’s body needs better nourishment and nutrients than men because of the changes that occur inside a woman’s body due to the childbirth process.
Due to the female nutritional deprivation cases such as maternal mortality, infant mortality, underdeveloped body and higher rate of women morbidity.
Acute shortage of quality medical infrastructure and non-access to basic medical facilities impedes the reach of medical facilities to the rural population of India. At the same time the easy access and availability of public health care facilities in the urban areas as well.
Though a large number of private health care facilities are available, they are often expensive and out of the reach of the underprivileged section of society. India’s 72% of the population resides in the rural areas and the medical infrastructure dedicated to the rural areas is only 25% of the total medical infrastructure in India.
In the rural areas the awareness about the diseases and their symptoms is another factor, why most of the people are not able to avail the medical facilities. Especially for women, cases of maternal deaths are increasing by the day as either due to the lack of medical facilities.
As per the WHO / UNICEF joint report the rural India’s sanitation has reached only 21% approximately. Unavailability of proper sanitation is increasing the health issues at an alarming rate in India. More children than adults are getting most affected by the diseases spread due to it. The unhygienic environment, both in rural and urban areas is causing the issue of malnutrition in children.
Currently the government of India is promoting the sanitation campaign through Nirmal Gram Puruskar for the rural India sanitation, Swachh Bharat for overall clean and green India, and Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) to promote household toilets.
Even though government of India has taken above mentioned initiatives to increase the awareness about personal hygiene and sanitation the reach and awareness still needs to be improved.
At Splendor Foundation, we understand the gaps in the current scenario and it is our goal to create awareness among the underprivileged sections of the society. Our efforts are not only restricted to generating awareness, but to provide for and to improve the condition of women and children in these such sections of the economy by collaborating with the respective state governments and private players and increasing the reach of better medical facilities, sanitation. Further, by supporting and promoting their livelihood, we aim at promoting the consumption of nourished foods, thus leading towards a healthy and nourished India.